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What Is the Main Objective of Data Security Controls?

Main Objective of Data Security Controls

Security risks are one of the major problems faced by companies and individuals, and things can get serious if these risks are not given close attention or resolved using the right measures.

Solid security controls are part of these measures. These are controls designed to minimize risks to a particular environment and allow vulnerabilities to be addressed efficiently and timely. 

What is Security Control? 

Security controls are any countermeasures used in detecting, reducing, and preventing security risks. This concept can be applied in different fields.

Taking, for instance, barbed wires, CCTV, car alarms, and more are security controls that aim to protect physical entities.

But when it comes to cybersecurity, security controls can include data protection, firewalls, and endpoint protection solutions. 

Security Controls Classification 

There are different types of security controls, and these are classified based on their major value against the security risks. These are divided into the following categories: 

Preventive Security Controls

These types of security controls can avoid security risks. Citing a physical example, these may be obstacles like a minefield, barbed wire, or fence deployed to prevent the risk of accessing a particular area.

In terms of information security, access controls are a great way of preventing access to unauthorized users. 

Detective Security Controls

These types of security controls intend to detect particular security risks. Radar or CCTV are common examples of these which detect movements relevant to safeguarded assets.

Common examples include Intrusion Detection Systems or IDS alerting organizations to potential intrusions when it comes to information security. In many instances, preventative measures can also be deployed. 

Corrective Security Controls

these limits the damages created by risks and allow quick recovery. A typical example of this approach is a backup system, which quickly permits an organization to recover from ransomware attacks. 

man encoding data

Common Security Controls in the Cybersecurity 

The cybersecurity industry is packed with different types of security controls, and new ones are created regularly. The most found among enterprises are as follows: 

  • Firewalls – these security controls inspect traffic to and from assets and then block any suspicious activity or attack. 
  • Endpoint security – this includes software deployed on endpoints such as mobile devices, servers, workstations, and laptops to detect suspicious activities or prevent attacks 
  • Data protection security controls – these are types of security controls that stop attacks against databases, audit activities in the database for compliance, and allow data access controls. These also detect dubious behavior. 

Main Objectives of Data Security Controls

The major objectives of data security controls include preventing, detecting, and giving corrective measures for threats and risks faced by organizational data, including: 

  • Avoiding unauthorized data access – this threats can result from both outside and inside of an organization. Internal threats may include employees attempting to access restricted or regulated information. External threats may originate from malicious adversaries trying to steal data. 
  • Protecting privacy – this This addresses employee and consumers’ privacy with personal details kept by a company. Protective measures that safeguard privacy can include limiting access from geographic location to certain pieces of information. 
  • Detecting suspicious activities this includes evaluation of data access for anomalous and outliers’ behavior. 
  • Auditing this needs a volume of information logging data access. Auditing is used mainly for compliance however can be analyzed through analytic tools for suspicious phenomena. 

Evaluating Security Controls for Data Protection

Many individuals these days seek to learn about what is data control and the role of security controls in protecting data.

There’s an excellent approach to assess security control’s effectiveness for data measures.

That is mapping out an organization’s entire data stores concentrating on those who hold the most sensitive data and model the highly pressing threats that need to be eliminated or minimized.

The following are frameworks that offer insights on how to carry this out and the parameters that need to be taken into account when choosing the best security controls for the protection of data of your organization: 

  • Ease of deployment Solutions with resource-intensive and even complicated maintenance and implementation are more troublesome than worth it. Benefits offered rarely outweigh the costs and are seldom used to their fullest potential. An ideal solution must be seamless and must streamline operations do not distend security loads, and bog down security teams. 
  • Coverage Security controls should support types of data stores they’ve been tasked to protect. Additionally, considering the dynamic use of data, it helps to stay away from solutions that tie to specific technology stacks such as database providers or infrastructure providers such as the public cloud. 
  • Effectiveness – Security controls must reduce risks effectively, especially those risks they’re meant to deal with. This can be evaluated internally or by using external evaluation. 
lock icon on phone

Implementations of Security Controls for Data Protection 

Security controls implementation can be challenging but following these pieces of advice can be helpful: 

  • Every party involved must be on board and actively involved. The employees who are involved in data protection should appreciate, learn, and understand the significance of new security controls, whether they’re data engineering, security engineers, or DevOps personnel. 
  • Implementation must be done with caution. The first thing to do is connecting part of the organization to the newest security control and making sure that the use-case is completely covered before going to a well-balanced implementation plan. It’s imperative to remain vigilant for unaccounted data consumers who shouldn’t be disturbed. 
  • Follow through. It’s crucial to assign ownership over roles in implementing the newest solutions and projects as a whole. 

You will need security controls for your data protection. Data security controls are utilized to protect important information and sensitive data and countermeasure against illegal and unauthorized use.

Data security controls also play a big role in detecting, minimizing, and avoiding security risks of computer systems or other information sets.

Data security may also include sets of practices and processes designed to safeguard crucial IT ecosystems, including databases, files, networks, and accounts.

If an effective data security control is in place, a set of proper techniques, applications and controls will be adopted, and the most suitable security controls will be applied.

It is, therefore, a smart decision to invest in reliable data security controls for your organization.

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