ASP.NET is a web development platform that has been created by Microsoft. It is commonly used for making web-based applications. It was first released in 2002. The first version that was developed was 1.0, while the latest version is 4.6. It is designed to work with HTTP, which is a standard protocol that you can find across all web applications out there.
The good news is, ASP.NET can be written in a number of different net languages. These include J# and VB.Net. Let’s take a look at the basic architecture of the .Net framework.
ASP.NET Architecture, and its Components
This framework is used to develop web-based applications, and below we are going to display the basic architecture.
The following key components make up the basic architecture:
- Language: there are a number of different language types that exist for .net. They can be used in various ways to develop web applications.
- Library: the .net framework includes a set of standard class libraries. One of the most common libraries is the Web library. It comes with all the essential components used to develop web-based applications with .Net.
- Common language runtime: otherwise known as CLI or CLR, .Net programs are executed on this platform. They are used to perform key activities. They include exception handling, and garbage collection.
Let’s take a look at some characteristics of the ASP.NET framework:
- The Code Behind Mode: This is the characteristic that separates code and design. By having a separation, it’s easier to maintain the application with ASP.NET. The general file type of ASP.NET is aspx. If you had a webpage titled ‘MyPage.aspx, there would be another file named MyPage.aspx.cs, denoting the code section of the page. Visual Studio creates separate files for each web page, one for the code and the other for the design.
- State Management: ASP.NET has the ability to control state management. HTTP is actually a stateless protocol. For example, let’s talk about shopping cart application. When you decide that you want to purchase something from a website, you will click on the submit button. The application needs to be able to remember the items that you want to purchase. This is remembering the state of the application when you clicked on that button. HTTP is stateless, which means that it will not store that information when you go to the checkout page. This is why more coding needs to be done to make sure that the items in your cart can be remembered correctly. A lot of the time, this type of coding is complicated, However, ASP.NET can manage this type of coding for you, making it a valuable aspect of having a web-based application.
- Caching: ASP.NET can also implement caching. This will improve the performance of the app. When pages are cached, they will be stored somewhere temporarily. This way, they can be retrieved quicker, and a better response can be sent to the person using them. Caching improves the general performance of a web-based application.
ASP.NET is the development language of web-based applications. It has been designed to work well with HTTP protocol.